Türkçe İngilizce Gıda-Yemek Sözlüğü

yiyecek sözlüğü
gıda sözlüğü, yemek sözlüğü

abdigör köfte köfte similar to içli köfte (Doğubeyazıt)
abone regular/habitual
acı biber hot pepper
acı kahve coffee with no sugar
acı tatlı bittersweet
acı badem bitter almond
acı badem kurabiyesi almond cookie
acı bitter; hot/peppery (to taste); rancid (of butter); sour (of wine)
acı hot (spicy)
acıbadem bitter almond
acıbadem kurabiyesi almond cookie
acıkmak to feel hungry
acımış rancid
acımsı somewhat bitter
acısız lacking in peppery seasoning; mild
acur gherkin
aç hunger; hungry; hungry person
açacak (can/bottle/jar) opener
açış opening; act of opening
açlık hunger
açlıktan gözleri dönmek to be very hungry; famished
açma an opening; a savoury bun
açmak to open
adabımuaşeret etiquette
adaçayı garden sage; sage; sage tea
adale muscle
Adana kebab a spicy hot, ground meat patty cooked on a thin flat metal poker over a grill
Adana kebab spicymeat patty grilled on o poker (Adana)
adatavşanı European rabbit
adet portion/amount; unit
Afiyet olsun. I hope you enjoy(ed) it. (Similar in meaning to bon appetit.)
afiyetle (eating or drinking) with real pleasure
ağ kabak squash
ağaç çileği raspberry
ağaç kavunu citron
ağaç kömürü (wood) charcoal
ağda lemon & sugar syrup; also grape molasses
ağdalı something with a taffy-like consistency; viscous
ağır ağır very slowly; also (to weigh) at the very most
ağır heavy
ağız mouth
ağızını ıslatmak to drink
ağızının tadını bilmek to be a gourmet
ağızlara layık delicious
ağri mutfağı Ağrı food kitchen. Ağrı is a city in far eastern Turkey that’s known for it’s nurtured beef dishes.
ahçı cook
ahçıbaşı head cook; chef
ahçılık art of cooking; cookery; cuisine
ahlat wild pear
ahlat wild pear (should be eaten only when well-ripened)
ahtapot kavurma fried octopus, simmered in water, with lemon & parsley
ahtapot octopus
ahtapotlu pilav rice pilau with sliced octopus (Muğla)
ahududu raspberry
aileye mahsustur dining area for families (& single women)
ak(i) white; also egg white
akasya acacia
akasya zamkı acacia gum
akciğer lung
akıtma type of pancake dessert similar to yassı kadayıf
akıtmak to pour liquid slowly
akide şekeri kind of hard sweet akşam ahk-shahm evening
akide yemeği evening meal
akşamdan kalmış to be hungover
akya (kuzu balığı) leer fish
akyabalığı large bonito (fish)
alabalık salmon/brown/speckled trout
alacalı multi-coloured
alacatane starter of onions with lentils & bulgur (Uşak) alafranga European-style
alacatane starter, onions with lentils & bulgur (Uşak)
alafranga European-style
alakart (menu) a la carte (menu)
alaturka Turkish-style
âlem yapmak to have a wild party
alet tool/device/instrument
alev alev flaming
alev flame
alıcı customer
alış fiyatı price
alışveriş merkezi shopping centre
alışveriş shopping
alışveriş yapmak to go shopping
alinazik aubergine (eggplant) puree with yoghurt & ground meat köfte
alinazik eggplant puree with yogurt & meat, köfte
alkazar red wine & sweetened lemon juice drink
alkol alcoholic drinks
alkolsüz içkiler/içecekler non-alcoholic drinks
alkolsüz non-alcoholic
Allaha ısmarladık. Goodbye, (said by person leaving) alt ahlt bottom, the lower
alüminyum folyo/kağıdı aluminium foil
ambar granary; warehouse
Amerikan kahvesi instant coffee
Amerikan salatası Russian salad (salad topped with mayonnaise, chilli sauce, chopped gherkins)
Amerikan viski bourbon
ana yemekler main dishes
ananas suyu pineapple juice
ananas pineapple
anason anise/aniseed
ançüez pickled anchovy
ançüez salted or piclded anchovy
Ankara tavası lamb with pilaf
anpoleni bee’s pollen
Antalya piyazı piyazı made with dry beans, tahin, green pepper & lemon (Antalya)
Antep fıstığı pilavı pilau with pistachios
antepfıstığı pistachio (see also jam fıstığı)
antrokot beef from the top of the ribs; entrecote
aperetif aperitif/appetiser
ara ara a little at a time
arabası çorbası spicy chicken soup
araka large peas
arapzamki acacia gum
arındırmak to purify
arınma purification
arısütü royal (bee) jelly
armut pear
Arnavut ciğeri (arnavutciğeri) Albanian fried liver
arnavutbiberi Albanian red pepper
arpa barley
arpa şehriye grain-shaped macaroni
arpacık soğanı small onion used in soups or casseroles, shallot
asit acid (see askorbik asit)
asitleri giderici antacid
aslan sütü nickname of rakı, the national alcoholic drink
asma yaprağı grape leaf
asma kabağı squash
asma vine/grapevine
asma yaprağında sardalya sardines in grape vine leaves
asmakabağı an edible squash
aş cooked food
aş ocağı soup kitchen
aşçı a cook/chef
aşevi small restauranr
aşure fruit pudding prepared during the first 10 days of the Islamic calendar month Muharrem
atardamar artery
ateş gibi very hot
av eti game meat
av hunt/hunting/chase; also game/prey/catch (of fish)
av kuşu game bird
avcı hunter
avuç dolusu a handful
ay böreği ahy crescent-shaped börek
ayak bileği ankle
ayak foot
ayak parmağı toe
ayçekirdeği sunflower seed(s)
ayçiçeği sunflower
ayçiçeği yağı sunflower oil
ayçöreği croissant
ayıklamak to clean/ pick/sort (rice or vegetables); to shell (peas or beans); to bone (meat)
ayırmak to separate
ayran yoghurt drink
ayrı (a) separate (something)
ayşe kızın düğün çorbası soup of wheat, meat, yogurt & corn meal
ayşe kızın düğün çorbası wedding soup made with wheat, meat broth, yoghurt & corn meal. Served with köfte & tomato butter sauce. (Uşak)
ayşekadın (fasulye) string/green bean
ayva pişmiş (biftek) rare (steak)
ayva quince
ayva şekerli kahve coffee with a little sugar
ayva tatlısı quince dessert az ahz (a) little
az pişmiş rare (steak)
azıcık very little; just a bit
azık food (to be taken along & eaten while travelling); any food

baba hindi turkey cock; gobbler
bacak leg
badem ezmesi almond paste; marzipan
badem almond
badem ezmesi almond paste, marzipan
badem gibi fresh and crisp
badem şekeri sugared almonds
bademli pilaf with almonds
bademli with almonds
bademyağı almond oil
bağ bab vineyard; also (a) bunch
bağ bahçe vineyards and orchards
bağ bozmak to harvest grapes
bağbozumu grape harvest
bağcı grape grower
bahar (a) spice
baharat(lar) spice(s)
baharatçı spice seller
baharatlı spiced, spicy
bahçe garden (see bağ bahçe; çay bahçesi)
bahçıvan gardener
bahşiş tip (gratuity)
bakan söğürmesi eggplant cooked over hot coats (Konya)
bakkal bahk-kahl grocer,grocery
bakla bahk-lab broad bean; horse bean
bakla broad bean
baklagiller family of beans that includes bakla
baklava a trangular dessert, especially for occasions like weddings — consists of layers of pastry, covered with sweet syrup and stuffed with pistachio and walnuts
bakliyat legumes, pulses
bakliyat pulse(s); dried beans; leguminous plants; legumes
baküre a fruit or vegetable grown outside of season
bal gibi very sweet (like honey)
bal honey
bal kabağı pumpkin
bal küpü honey jar
balcan söğürmesi e eggplant, aubergine cooked over hot coals (Konya)
balcı seller of honey
baldır calf (of the leg); shank
balığı (see barbunya balığı)
balık buğulama steamed fish stew
balık çorbası fish soup
balık filetosu tava fried fillet of fish
balık fırında baked fish
balık fish
balık köftesi fried fish fingers, balls
balık pazarı fish market
balık tavası fried fish platter
balık tutmak toot-mahk to fish
balık yağı fish oil; cod-liver oil
balık yahni fish ragout
balık yumurtası fish roe; dried and smoked roe of grey mullet
balıkçı dükkanı fishmonger’s store
balıkçı fishmonger,fisherman
balıkçı gemisi fishing boat
balkabağı pumpkin
ballı honeyed; something that contains or is made with honey
balözü nectar
balpeteği honeycomb
bamya okra
bamya okra, gumbo
bamyah tavuk chicken with okra
bamyah with okra
bamyalı tavuk chicken with okra
Banvit a national brand of ready-to-cook chicken products
barbekü barbecue
barbunya balığı red mullet (fish)
barbunya fasulye small reddish kind of a shelled bean; borlotti bean
barbunya pilaki red bean salad in olive oil (meze)
barbunya pinto bean
barbunya tava fried red mullets
bardak (bardağı) glass (see also çay bardağı)
barmen bartender (male)
barmeyd bartender (female)
barut gibi very sour
başgarson headwaiter
başına for each
başka (an)other
baskül scales (for weighing)
başlahana cabbage
başlangıçlar (see meze)
basmavat boiled içli köfte (Mardin)
bastı vegetable stew
bastık sheet of sun-dried mulberry and grape (Malatya)
baston francala French bread
batırmak to dunk,sink
baton breadstick battal boy
battal boy extra large; oversized
bay Mr
bayan Ms (Mrs or Miss)
bayat stale (of bread); old; aged (of meat)
bayram arifesi the eve of a bayram
bayram ertesi the time right after a bayram
bayram etmek,yapmak to feast; to celebrate a holiday
bayram festival; festivity; religions festival
bayram günü a bayram day
bayram havası holiday spirit
Bayramınız kutlu olsun! Have a happy bayram!
bazlama flat baked bread
bazlama flat baked bread
bedava free (of cost)
beğendi cream sauce made largely of pureed eggplant (aubergine)
beğendili tas kebabı = hünkar beğendi
beğendili tas kebabı also known as ‘sultan’s delight’ (see hünkar beğendi)
beğendili tavuk chicken with pureed eggplant
beher beh-her each to wait
bekmez behk-mehz a food product of grapes, like pekmez (Yozgat)
belirli definite, specific
belirtmek to clarify (butter)
bembeyaz stark white colour
benekli çorba lentil soup (Çorum)
benli pilav pilaf dish of rice and lentils (Yozgat)
benmari double boiler
benzer similar to; resembling
beraber together
berbat spoiled,ruined
berrak clear
beşamel (sos) bechamel (sauce)
besili fat; well-fed animal
besin nutrition,food
beşinci fifth
besisuyu sap
besiye çekmek to fatten (an animal)
beslemek to feed,nourish
beslenme çantası, lunch box
beslenmek to be fed, nourished
besleyici nutritious
besmele bes-meh-leh the blessing Bİsmillâhirrahmânirrahîm ‘In the name of God, the Compassionate, the Merciful’ is said at religious venues by the most senior community member present to announce the beginning of the meal
bey polite term of address (using first names only) for a man (Peter bey means ‘Mr Peter’)
beyaz ekmek white bread
beyaz fıstık pine nuts
beyaz İspanyol şarabı sherry
beyaz lahana white cabbage
beyaz muhallebi white pudding
beyaz peynir white cheese like feta
beyaz peynirli omlet omelette with white cheese
beyaz peynirli sandviç white cheese sandwich
beyaz şarap white wine
beyaz toz biber white pepper
beyaz white
beyaz white,whiteness
beyefendi very polite way of saying ‘sir’
beyin brain
beyin haşlama boiled brain
beyin salatası sheep’s brain salad
beyin tava fried veal brains platter
beyti kebab Adana-style meat kebab, rolled in thin bread and sliced
beyzi oval, elliptical
bez cloth, gland
beze macaroon; lump of dough
bezelye pea(s)
bezemek to decorate
biber bell pepper, capsicum (see acı biber; tatlı biber; çarliston biber; dolmalık biber)
biber dolması stuffed pepper
biber gibi peppery
biber kızartması fried peppers
biber tanesi peppercorn
biber turşusu pickled green pepper, capsicum
biberiye fragrant herb used on grilled meats and seafoods
biberli peppered,peppery
biberlik-tuzluk pepper and salt shakers
bibersiz without peppers
bıçak kebabı quail cooked with potatoes, tomatoes, onion, garlic and green pepper (Bilecik)
bıçak knife
bıçak yumurtası quail eggs
biftek steak
bıldırcın kebabı quail with potato, tomato and green capsicum (Bilecik)
bıldırcın quail
bıldırcın yumurtası quail eggs
bileği buçuk one and a half
bileği çift a pair
bileği dilim ekmek slice of bread (see also ekmek)
bileği kaç a few
bileği parça piece of ice
bileği taşı whetstone,grindstone bir beer one
bir bardak su glass of water
bira beer
birahane pub
bırakmak to leave
biraz a small amount
birer one each of
birinci first
biscuit bitirmek to finish
bisk bisque
bisküvi biscuit
bitiş end,finish
bitki çay herbal tea
bitki plant,herb
bitkibilim botany
bitkisel herbal tea, vegetable
bitkisel yağı vegetable oil
biyoloji biology
biyotin biotin
bizon buffalo,bison
bkz. (see bakınız) blander
böbrek ızgara grilled kidney
böbrek kidney
boğa bull
boğaz throat; gullet; neck (of a bottle)
boğazına düşkün gourmet
boğazını sevmek to enjoy eating
böğür side,flank
böğürtlen blackberry, dewberry
bol plentiful,abundant; also claret cup,fruit punch,bowl
bol amply, abundantly
bolca amply,abundantly
boldo best category of rice
bölmek to divide
bolüm portion,slice,part
bölün divide (imperative of bölmek)
bonbon candy, lollies, sweets
bonfile sirloin steak
borç bohrch debt
Bordo claret; Bordeaux wine
börek çorbası thick soup with mincemeat, bones, tomato paste and mint (Antep)
börek various sweet or savoury dishes with a thin crispy pastry
börek various types of sweet or savoury pastry dishes with a thin and crispy pastry
börekçi börek seller
boru tube,pipe
börülce black-eyed pea, cow pea
börülce pilavı pilau dish of rice and black-eyed peas (Aydın and Muğla)
börülce salatası salad of black-eyed peas, mushrooms, onion and parsley
börülce teletoru black-eyed pea salad with flour and lemon (Muğla)
boş empty
boşaltmak to empty
bostan vegetable garden
bostanpatlıcanı eggplant (aubergine)
boy size,height,length
boyun neck
boyunca the whole length of the …
boyut dimension,size
boza slightly fermented grain-based drink
bozmak to spoil,ruin (see bağ bozmak)
bozuk para small change
bozuk spoiled; gone bad
bozulmak to be spoiled, ruined
brendi brandy
Brüksel lahanası Brussels sprouts
budu (but) thigh, rump, leg (of meat)
büfe informal counter where food, drink and sundries are sold
bülbül yuvası shredded wheat with pistachios and syrup
bütan butane
bütün whole, complete
büyük hindistan cevizi coconut
büyük large
büyükbaş cattle
büyükçe rather large
büyüklüğünde the size of; as big as (fındık büyüklüğünde — as big as a hazelnut)
büyümek to grow (up)
buğday ekmek wheat bread
buğday wheat
buğu vapour,steam
buğulama (see balık buğulama)
buğulama steaming, stewing,poaching
buhar kazanı boiler
buhar steam,vapour
buharlaşma evaporation
buharlaşmak to evaporate
buket bouquet (of flowers)
bulamaç batter
bulamaç çorbası soup made with flour, semolina, water, margarine and salt (Eskişehir)
bulamak to roll something or dredge something in flour
bulantı nausea
bulaşık dirty dishes
bulaşık makinesi dishwashing machine
bulaşıkçı person who washes dishes
bulgur cracked wheat; boiled and pounded wheat
bulgur köftesi meatballs of bulgur and mincemeat
bulgur pilavı cracked wheat pilaf
bumbar sausage made of rice and meat stuffed in a large gut
bumbar sausage made of rice and meat stuffed in a large sheep or lamb gut
burcu scent,fragrance
burma kadayıf shredded wheat bun with pistachios
Bursa kebabı döner kebab with tomato and butter on pitta bread
buruk astringent,sour
burun nose, beak, bill
but (budu) (thigh, rump, leg (of meat)
Buyrunuz! (Buyrun!) Welcome; Please come in; May I help you?
buz gibi icy cold
buz ice (see also bir parça buz)
buz kesilmek to freeze; to be frozen
buzdolabı refrigerator, icebox
buzlu mixed with ice; freezing compartment; ice cube tray

cacık cold mixture of yoghurt, garlic, mint, & chopped cucumber, served as a side dish or meze
cayenne pepper (Sakarya & Adapazarı)
ciğer tava fried liver & onions
ceviz walnut
cevizli bat salad of bulgur, green lentils, tomato paste & walnuts
cevizli kek walnut cake
cevizli sucuk walnuts on a string dipped in pekmez
cezeriye sweef of carrot & nuts
cızbız köfte grilled mincemeat ovals
cevizli bat salad of fine bulgur, green lentils & tomato paste, sprinkled with crushed walnut & often served with grape leaves (Tokat)
cevizli kek cake with walnuts
cevizli sucuk walnuts on a string dipped in a starchy grape molasses
cezeriye (see Arnavut ciğeri)
cezve coffee pot
cızbız köfte grilled mincemeat ovals
ciğer tava fried liver served with onions (meze)
ciğeri sweet made with carrots & nuts, served in rectangular slices (Manissa) (see Arnavut ciğeri)
civarında about, approximately
civil low-fat string cheese (Erzurum)

çağanoz green crab
çağla badem(ler) green/fresh/unripe almond(s)
çahfasulyesi string beans
çala seasoned bread & cheese (Mersin, İçel)
çalı fasulyesi string beans
çalıbasan large kernel wheat, used in making tarhana
çalkama general name for drinks like ayran (Sivas)
çam pine
çamfıstığı pine nut
çarliston biber long, light-green sweet capsicum
çarşı char-shih market
çarşıya çıkmak to go out shopping
çatal bıçak silverware/cutlery
çatal fork; also a type of simit
çavdar ekmek rye bread
çay bahçesi tea garden, where tea is served
çay bardağı tea glass
çay fincanı tea cup
çay kaşığı teaspoon
çay tea (see bitki çay)
çay vermek to serve tea
çaycı tea vendor/grower
çaydanlık tea kettle; teapot
çayhane teahouse
çayüzümü blueberry
çekirdek kahve coffee beans
çekirdeksiz mandalina (satsuma) seedless mandarin/tangerine (‘satsuma variety)
çekirdeksiz üzüm seedless grape
çekmece drawer
çemen a pungent 15-spice mix used for pastırma which includes cumin, chilli, fenugreek & garlic
çene çarpan çorbası ‘jaw bumping’ soup made with flour, water, egg, milk & lemon (Tekirdağ)
çene çarpan çorbası ‘jaw-bumping’soup of flour, water, egg, milk & lemon (Tekirdağ)
çerez hors d’oeuvre; appetiser; dried fruit; nuts
çerkez peynir Circassian cheese, similar to dil peynir
çerkez tavuğu (çerkeztavuğu) Circassian chicken, made with bread, pounded walnuts, salt, garlic & cayenne pepper (Sakarya & Adapazarı)
çeşit(ler) kind(s), sort(s), variety(ies), assortment(s)
çeşme a water fountain
çevirme çorbası soup of egg, rice, yogurt, butter & red capsicum (Kütahya)
çevirme çorbası soup of flour, egg, rice, yoghurt, butter, salt, pepper & red pepper (Kütahya)
çevirme eggplant (aubergine), chicken, rice, onion, pistachio nuts & allspice dish. The dish is turned upside down on a serving plate before serving (Antakya); also fondant flavoured with vanilla, bergamot, mastic & cream
çevirme eggplant, chicken, rice, onion, pistachios & allspice dish
çeyrek a quarter
çeyrek ekmek quarter of (a loaf of) bread – as for a döner sandwic
çıkış exit
çılbır eggs poached in vinegary water topped with yoghurt sauce
çıtırmak boiled honey & roasted sesame seed sweet (Muğla)
çıtırmak boiled honey & roasted sesame seed sweet (Muğla)
çiçek flower
çiçekyağı sunflower oil
çift (see bir çift)
çiftçi farmer
çifte kavrulmuş lokum Turkish delight
çifte kavrulmuş Turkish delight, confectionary with a hard consistency
çiftlik farm
çiğ börek fried börek made with ground meat, onions & spices
çiğ köfte dish made of raw ground lamb, pounded wheat (bulgur), onions, clove, cinnamon, salt, black & red pepper
çiklet chewing gum
çikolata chocolate
çikolatalı dondurma chocolate ice cream
çikolatalı pasta chocolate cake
çilek reçeli strawberry jam
çilek strawberry
çilekli komposto stewed strawberry compote
çimdik a pinch (of)
Çin lokantası Chinese restaurant
Çin tavası wok, concave griddle
çinekop fish or young lufer
çintar mushroom found in the Izmir region
çipura (balığı) gilt-head bream (fish found in the Aegean Sea)
çipura sea bream
çir hoşafı stewed apricot compote (Sivas)
çirli et dish of seasoned beef chunks & dried apricot (Sivas)
çiroz salted, dried thin mackerel (fish), kipper, mackerel
çoban salatası shepherd’s salad, made with tomatoes, onions, cucumbers & peppers
çoğu most (of)
çok acı (spicy) hot
çok az a very little
çok fazla too much
çok güzel very nice/beautiful
çok iyi very good/nice/well
çok kaim very thick
çok kötü very bad
çok many; much; a lot; very
çok pişmiş really well done (well cooked)
çok sıcak too hot (temperature)
çok soğuk too cold
çok tatlı too sweet
çok tuzlu very salty
çomak stuffed flat bazlama bread (Mersin, İçel)
çorba kaşığı soup spoon; tablespoon
çorba(lar) soup(s)
çorbası soup
çortan dried
çökelek (peynir) cheese — very similar to cottage cheese though drier
çökelekli biber dolması dish of capsicums with cheese, & tomato (Antalya)
çökelekli biber dolması dolma dish, made by stuffing large ‘bell’ peppers with çökelek peynir, parsley, tomatoes, onion, vegetable oil, cumin, black pepper & salt (Antalya)
çökelekli zeytin salad of çökelek peynir & seeded green olives with onion, tomatoes, olive oil & parsley (Hatay)
çökertme sliced steak dish served on a bed of fried ‘finger’ potatoes which have been topped by a garlicky yoghurt sauce (Muğla)
çökertme sliced steak served on potatoes with yogurt sauce (Muğla)
çöp şiş (kebab) a meat only kebeb, with small pieces of meat, four or five to a çöp skewer
çörek round, ring-shaped or braided biscuit (usually sweet)
çörekotu black cumin
çözünmek to dissolve
çubuk makarna medium thin spaghetti
çullama dish of sliced quail, butter & flour which looks like a thick fried pancake (Muğla)
çuşka biber red pepper used for making sauce
çürük yumurta rotten egg

dağ domuzu mountain boar
dağ keçisi mountain goat
dağılıncaya kadar haşlanmak cook until (something) falls to pieces or becomes mushy
dakika minute (time) dal dahi sprig/branch
dalak ızgara grilled spleen
damla(lar) drop(s)
dana veal liver
dana eti veal
dana etmek to invite
dana rosto roasted veal davet dah-veht invitation
defne yaprağı bay leaf
dekstroz dextrose sugar
delice cockle
demet bunch (of greens)
demir iron
demlik double boiler for making tea
den çorbası soup of yarma, beef broth & mint (Erzurum)
deniz tarağı clam, scallop
deniz ürünleri seafood products
deniz salatası seafood salad
deniz ürünü seafood
dereotu dill
derepisisi flounder
dibekte dövülmüş kahve coffee that’s been ground in a large mortar
dible/diple cold vegetable dish, usually with rice, olive oil & often with fresh green beans; also cold dish of roasted onions with beans, salted tomatoes; karalahana cabbage & wild herbs (Ordu & Giresun)
didiklemek to pull apart; to pick to shreds
diken dutu blackberry, another name for böğürtlen
dil balığı (fish)
dil balığı tavası fried flounder/sole
dil peynir mozzarella-like cheese
dil tongue
dilber dudağı sweet pastry in the shape of a lip
dilim a slice
dilim dilim doğrayın cut into slices
dilimlemek to slice
dilimleyin slice (imperative of dilimlemek)
dilli sandviç tongue sandwich
dinlendirme süresi resting time (for food)
dinlenme tesisleri roadhouse
dinlenmek to let rest
dinlenmiş aged (meat)
diş deesh clove; tooth
divriği alatlı pilavı pilaf dish made with rice, chunks of lamb, bouillon, chickpeas, seedless grapes & butter (Sivas)
diyet diet
diyet tatlılar diet desserts; diet sweets
dizmek to place/arrange (things) side by side, to line up
doğramak to cut in slices/pieces, to carve; to chop to bits
doğranmış sliced
dolgu filling/stuffing
dolma vine or cabbage leaves stuffed with rice
dolma(sistuffed
dolmalık biber green pepper; sweet pepper; pepper suitable for stuffing
dolmalık suitable for stuffing in a dolma
dolmalık fıstık nut, usually antep fıstığı or şam fıstığı, used to season dolma
domates çorbası tomato soup
domates salatalık salatası tomato & cucumber salad
domates suyu tomato juice
domates(ler) tomato (s)
domatesli with tomato
domatesli patlıcan çarliston biber kızartması fried eggplant with tomato and sweet peppers
domatesli patlıcan kızartması fried eggplant with tomato
domatesli pilav tomato pilaf
domatesli pilav tomato pilau
domatesli şehriye çorbası tomato soup with vermicelli
domuz eti bacon, pork
domuz pig
domuz sosisi pork sausages
dondurma ice cream
dondurulmuş bakla frozen beans
dondurulmuş bezelye frozen peas
dondurulmuş frozen
dondurulmuş mısır frozen corn
donmak to freeze
doyum olmamak to be extremely delicious
dökmek pour
döner thin slices of meat stacked on a vertical skewer, grilled then shaved off
döner kebab kebab(usually lamb or chicken) cooked on a rotating spit
döner kebab kebab (usually lamb or chicken) cooked on a rotating spit
döner kebabevi döner kebab house
dönerli sandviç döner kebab sandwich
dörder four each of
döş sarması stuffed breast
döşemek to spread something on or over; to cover
dövme wheat without husks
dövme etli karalahana sarması lamb strips, rice & tomato paste wrapped in karalahana leaves (Rize)
dövülmüş pounded/beaten/ground (coffee)
dul avrat çorbası ‘widow soup’of chickpeas, lentils, lamb, tomato paste, capsicum & mint (Adana)
düdüklü tencere pressure cooker
düğün çorbası wedding soup with ground meat, carrot & lemon or vinegar which gives it a sour flavour. Also known as ekşili çorba,
düğün pilavı ‘wedding pilau’ rice, chickpeas & meat (Kayseri) , chicken & yarma (Sakarya)
dükkan shop
dürüm kebab in pitta bread
düt white mulberry
düzine dozen

ebegümeci haşlaması boiled mallow
ebegümeci haşlaması fasulye çorbası boiled mallow bean soup
ekmek böreği oven-baked stale bread & melted kaşar cheese (İzmir)
ekmek bread
ekmekkadayıf dessert of baked kadayıf bread rusks soaked in thick syrup & topped with kaymak
ekşili çorba (see düğün çorbası)
ekşili sour
ekşili ıspanak başı spinach & lentil stew (Tarsus)
ekşili nohutlu bamya mutton stew with okra & chickpeas (Mersin, İçel)
ekşili patlıcan dolması eggplant dolma (Adana)
ekşili taraklık tavası sour lamb cutlets with quince
elbasan dolması dolma with artichoke, rice & mincemeat
elbasan open-faced pie made with fried lamb meat chunks, barely cooked eggs & yoghurt -served with hot chips (Manisa)
elbasan şarabı apple cider
elma çayı chah-yih apple tea
elma apple
elma komposto stewed apple compote
elma marmeladı apple marmalade
elma apple juice
elmalih pasta apple cake
enginar dolması dolma made with artichoke, rice, mincemeat, onion, parsley & lemon juice topped with an egg & lemon sauce (Manisa)
enginar artichoke
erik aşı plum dish with prunes, rice & sugar (Tekirdağ)
erik composto stewed plum compote ‘
erik plum
erikli biber dolması capsicum stuffed with eggplant, tomato, walnuts & kızılcık (Bilecik)
erikli tavşan rabbit with plums
erikli tavuk dolması stuffed chicken with plums
erikli, ekşili biber dolması peppers stuffed with eggplant, tomato paste, bulgur, walnuts, plums, mint & kızılcık (Bilecik)
erişte noodles, pasta
Erzincan piyazı salad with cucumber, tomato, cheeses, capsicum & herbs (Erzincan)
eski aged, old
eski peynir aged cheese
esmer dark brown
esmer ekmek brown bread
esmer şeker brown sugar
espresso espresso coffee
et suyu meat juice; broth; bouillon; stock; gravy
et suyu hindiba çorbası endive broth
et suyuna sebze çorbası stock (liquid)
et(i) meat
etler meats
etli bamya okra with meat
etli biber dolması green peppers stuffed with meat
etli bohça böreği delicate bundle-shaped börek filled with seasoned ground beef
etli bulgur pilav bulgur pilaf with meat & chickpeas
etli dolma(lar) vegetables stuffed with meat
etli dövme pilavı pilaf with chickpeas, pounded wheat, & lamb chunks (Mersin, İçel)
etli with meat
etli ekmek ehk-mehk Turkish bread topped with seasoned meat pieces
etli enginar dolması artichokes stuffed with meat
etli enginar a stew of artichoke, mincemeat or lamb chunks, dill, onion, tomatoes & tomato paste, margarine & salt (Aydın)
etli kabak dolması zucchini stuffed with meat
etli kabak ve biber dolması zucchini & capsicum stuffed with meat
etli kereviz dolması celery stuffed with meat
etli kuru fasulye haricot or butter beans & meat
etli lahana dolması cabbage leaves stuffed with meat
etli marul dolması lettuce leaves stuffed with rice, tomato, parsley, cumin & meat (Edirne)
etli nohut chickpeas in meat sauce
etli patlıcan dolması eggplant stuffed with meat
etli pide Turkish ‘pizza’with ground meat
etli sebzeli güveç stewed meat with vegetables
etli semizotu purslane with meat
etli taze fasulye beans with meat
etli with meat
etli yaprak dolması vine leaves with meat stuffing
etli yeşil mercimek lentils with meat, onion & tomato paste
etsiz meatless
etsiz yemekler meatless dishes
etyemez vegetarian
etyemez vegetarian
ev yemekleri home cooking
ezme lahana flat vegetable ‘pie’ made of karalahana, chard, suet, cornflour, tomato & red capsicum (Rize)
ezme salata tomato salad orcold tomato soup, like gazpacho (Antep)
ezmesi (see badem ezmesi)
ezo gelin çorbası red lentil ‘bride’soup

fasulye (kuru) dry bean(s)
fasulye (taze) green beans (see barbunya fasulye)
fasulye diple pleh green bean, carrot, onion, rice & olive oil salad (Giresun)
fasulye dry or fresh beans
fasulye filizi beansprout
fasulye otu fragrant herb used for enhancing the flavour of kuru fasulye & other baklagiller
fasulye pilaki bean salad
fasulye piyazı white bean salad (see piyazı)
fasulye turşusu kavurması salad made with pickled beans, onion & butter, served either hot or cold (Rize)
fatura invoice/bill
fava mashed broad bean salad
fener balığı angler fish
fesleğen sweet basil
fesleğen makarna basil-based pasta with onion, garlic, tomato, fresh green chilli & eggplant
fıks menu fixed menu
fındık hazelnut; shape of a hazelnut
fındıkkıran nutcracker
fındıklı hazelnut
fırın oven/bakery
fırında baked
fırında kuzu budu sebzeli leg of lamb & vegetables
fırında palamut baked bonito
fırında piliç baked chicken
fırında piliçli bezelye oven-cooked chicken with peas
fırında sığır kebabı roasted beef kebab
fırında sütlaç oven-cooked sütlaç
fıstık nut/pistachio/peanut
fincan a cup
fincanı (see çay fincanı)
firik boiled, threshed (pounded) fresh wheat (Urfa)
fiş receipt
fiyat price
folyo (see alüminyum folyo)
fosul kebab of lamb or mutton (Samsun)
frambuaz raspberry (see ahududu)
francala long narrow loaf of bread
Fransız kahvesi coffee & milk
frenk fesleğeni (see fesleğen)
frenk maydanozu crinkly leaf maydanoz
fume smoked

gak hoşafı ‘crow caw’ compote of stewed dried apple
galeta breadstick
garnitür garnish
garson waiter/waitress
gazino bar with food
gazoz clear soft drink; caffeine-free soft drink
gece kulübü night club
geçirmez free from; without; -less
gelin turşusu bride’s pickle, of çarliston biber, green pepper with vinegar, garlic & salt (Mersin, İçel)
gelincik rockling (fish)
gerdan dolması lamb neck stuffed with onion, rice, mincemeat, almonds, tomato paste & köfte bahar (Adana)
gerdaniye neck of lamb with plum & sugar (Edirne)
gereçler necessary items; ingredients
geyik eti venison
gıda food (in an abstract sense); the concept of food or nourishment.
gıda maddeleri is used to mean ‘food-related materials’,
gıda pazarı food market; supermarket
gileboru a fruit resembling a miniature cherry
gileboru şurubu syrup made from gileboru juice & sugar
giriş entrance
girişler (see meze)
glukoz dextrose
göbek salata head lettuce; also salad made with head lettuce, tomato, parsley, radish, carrot, cucumber, & black cabbage (Istanbul)
göğüs breast (of chicken)
gökkuşağı salatası ‘rainbow salad’ – macaroni, capsicum, mushrooms, pickles & salami
gözleme filled filo pastry (Tokat)
graten au gratin
greyfurt grapefruit juice
greyfurt reçeli grapefruit jam
greyfurt/greyfrut/greypfrut grapefruit
gül reçeli rose jam
gül suyu rose water
gül şerbeti non-alcoholic drink made with rosewater, water & sugar (Sivas)
gül tatlısı fried rose-shaped pastry covered in lemon sherbet
güllaç thin, dry sheet of dough; also sweet made from sheets of güllaç soaked in milky syrup, filled with nuts & flavoured with rose water.
güneşte kurutulmuş domates sun-dried tomato
günün mönüsü guuun-nuuun mer-nuuu-suuu the day’s menu
güt reçeli rose jam
güveç earthenware cooking pot; also food cooked in an earthenware pot
güveçte kıymalı yumurta casseroled eggs with minced meat
güveçte kurufasulye casseroled beans
güveçte türlü (tavuk kanadı ile) mixed vegetable casserole with chicken
güvercin pigeon

hakiki ‘real’, authentic
halal the Muslim method of slaughter. A prayer is said, the animal’s throat is cut to ensure rapid death & the blood is drained from the body.
halep işi kebap grilled meatballs, onions & spices
halim aşı soup of chickpeas, meaty bones, wheat & tomato
hamburger ekmeği bread roll
hamsi anchovies
hamsi böreği layers of breaded fried anchovies & seasoned rice (Giresun)
hamsi buğulaması anchovies with tomato & capsicum (Black Sea)
hamsi çorbası anchovy & tomato soup (Trabzon)
hamsi ekşilisi ‘anchovy sour’ with capsicum & tomato salad (Rize)
hamsi anchovies
hamsi ızgara grilled anchovies served with raw onion & lemon
hamsi kuşu anchovies fried with tomato & green capsicum
hamsi salamura pickled anchovy, rock salt & bay leaf
hamsi tatlısı jellied sweet made from anchovy (Rize) Other ingredients include flour, egg, olive oil, lemon juice, salt; in a jelly made from pureed banana, orange, raspberry, apple, peach & sugar. Sprinkled with pistachios & hazelnuts. (Rize)
hamsi tava fried, corn-breaded anchovies served with onion & lemon
hamsikoli bread with chard, mint, corn meal & anchovies (Rize)
hamsili ekmek hahm-see-lee ehk-mahk (see hamsikoli)
hamsili pilav oven-baked anchovy pilaf (Rize) consisting of tightly arranged layers of anchovies & seasoned rice with onion, margarine, pistachio nuts, currants
hamsili, pazılı pilav mixed anchovy pilaf (Trabzon)
hamur işleri pastries
hamur tatlısı pastry
hamurlu çorba dark soup of erişte dough, lentils & meat (Amasya & Tokat)
hamurlu yeşil mercimek çorbası lentil soup with dumplings
hanibana köfte cooked with capsicum, carrot, tomato & peas (Kocaeli)
hanım göbeği woman’s navel’, semolina dessert
hardal mustard
hardallı patlıcan kızartması fried eggplant & mustard
haşhaş (poppyseed ) warm salad made with a mixture of corn flour, pepper sauce, crushed walnuts, chopped karalahana & garlic, moulded into a low dome (Artvin)
haşhaş tohumu toh-hoo-moo opium poppy seed
haşhaşlı ekmek bread with crushed opium poppy seeds
haşhaşlı gözleme savoury pancake with poppy seed (Eskişehir & Edirne)
haşlama steamed lamb & vegetables in broth
haşlanmış katı yumurta hard boiled egg
havuç carrot
havuç kızartması fried carrots
havuç pane fried carrots covered with crumbled bread
havuç salatası carrot salad
havyar caviar
haydari yogurt with roasted eggplant & garlic
hayvanı (see av hayvanı)
hayvansal yağ animal fat
hazır kahve instant coffee
hazırlama süresi preparation time
hazırlanışı (steps of) preparation
helva sweet prepared with sesame oil, cereals & syrup or honey, especially prepared for weddings
helvacı kökü (see çöğen kökü)
hesap the bill (for a meal)
hibeş meze spread of tahini & red capsicum flakes (Antalya)
hindi turkey
hindi kızartma roasted turkey
hindiba chicory, endive, chicory
hindiba çorbası endive soup
hindistan cevizi (hindistancevizi) coconut; also nutmeg (see hintcevizi)
hingel dish of thin pastry layers & crumbled cottage cheese (Yozgat)
hint cevizi nutmeg
hint fıstığı cashew
hint kirazı mango
hırtlama köfte köfte of veal, cornflour & thyme (Trabzon)
hıyar cucumber; also block-head, arsehole
hörre soup made of butter, flour, water & tomato paste (Kars)
hörre soup of butter, flour & tomato
hoşaf(ı (a fruit compote)
höşmerim classic Anatolian pudding with broken walnuts & pistachios. Stir-fried with cream, it’s a real treat for sweet lovers. The name of this dish arises from Hoş mu erim? meaning ‘Is it good, my brave man?’ (Kirklareki)
hülüklü düğün çorbası hearty soup with tripe, meatballs, chickpeas & rice (Adana)
hünkar beğendi ‘sultan’s delight’-lamb stew on eggplant
hululdü düğün çorbası hyuu duu-uun chohr-bah-sih thick, hearty soup with chopped tripe, meatballs, chickpeas & rice (Adana)
humus hull-mum humus, made with cooked, finely mashed chickpeas blended with sesame oil, lemon & spices. A popular southern Turkish dish, it “must” be served when mezes are taken with rakı. A speciality of Mersin, İçel & Hatay.
hurma date
hurma date (fruit)
hurma tatlısı semolina & date cake

ısırganotu çorbası stinging nettle soup. Wear plastic gloves to protect your hands when cleaning the stinging nettle plant. The dry, crumbled leaves are used to make tea. (Giresun)
ısırganotu ezmesi stinging nettle puree (Rize)
iskorpit (balığı) scorpion fish
ıslama gravy from beef broth, red capsicum & vegetable oil
ıslama köfte flattened meat patties on toasted bread & doused in ıslama juice (Sakarya)
ıslama mab gravy prepared from beef broth, red pepper & vegetable oil
ıspanak çorbası spinach soup
ıspanak erişte flat spaghetti made with spinach
ıspanak graten spinach au gratin
ıspanak krep spinach crepe
ıspanak spinach
ıspanaklı börek pastry filled with spinach
ıspanaklı mıhlama spinach & egg dish
ızgara grilled -köfte kerf-teh grilled meatballs
ızgara barbecue-grill
ızgara köfte grilled meatballs

iç ceviz shelled walnuts
iç pilav rice with currants, nuts & onions
iç(içi) stuffing; also batter
içeçek(ler) drink(s), usually alcoholic (see sıcak içecek & soğuk içecek)
içi dolmuş eggplant with beyaz peynir, tomato & egg
içi dolmuş thin eggplant slices topped with a mixture of white cheese, onion, tomatoes, parsley, egg, flower, salt & pepper (Balıkesir)
içindekiler ingredients/contents
içli köfte kofte with bulgur covering (Antep, Diyarbakır & Adana)
iftar the evening meal that ‘breaks the daylight fast’ during the month of Ramazan
ikindi mid-afternoon
ilk first
imam bayıldı ‘the imam, Islamic cleric, fainted’ – this famous dish is made of eggplant (aubergine), tomatoes, onion & peppers cooked in olive oil & served cold
imsak Ramazam pre-dawn meal
ince erişte linguine
incir fig
incir reçeli fig jam
incir uyuşturması ‘fig narcotic’, dessert made of milk, figs & sugar (Sakarya)
indirim discount/reduction
İnegöl köfte köfte dish made with mincemeat – according to tradition, this famous dish takes about five days to prepare, including a four-day ageing process after the meat has been minced. Seasoning is added just before cooking. (İnegöl, Bursa)
iri kıyılmış coarsely minced
irmik helvası helva with semolina
irmik semolina
ishakiye tradirional Turkish helva dessert made of rice flour, almonds & sugar
İskender (kebab) döner kebab on sliced flat bread, served as a sit-down meal. It’s covered with a hot full-flavoured tomato sauce, a hot butter sauce & usually served with yoghurt.
iskoç viski whisky
iskorpit (balığı) scorpion fish
isotreçeli unsweetened preserve made of ‘Urfa’ peppers, cinnamon, ground black pepper, olive oil & eaten with plain slices of Turkish bread (Urfa)
İstakoz lobster
Istanbul mutfağı ees-tahn-buul muut-fahh-ih İstanbul cuisine took shape during the Ottoman centuries, in Topkapi Palace & the mansions of rich merchants. It features very slow cooking, foods heavy in animal fat (mostly lamb & mutton), & endless varieties of hot & cold eggplant (aubergine) dishes. Rice & beans are also important.
istavrit (balığı) horse mackerel; scad (fish)
istavrit tava fried small mackerels
istiridye oyster
işkembe çorbası tripe soup
işkembe tripe
işkembeci tripe soup eatery
işkembeli nohut yahnisi chick peas yahni with tripe
iştah appetite
ithal imported
iyi good/well
iyi pişmiş peesh-meesh well done (well cooked)
izmarit (balığı) pickerel; sea bream (fish)
İzmir köfte köfte with coarse mincemeat, egg, breadcrumbs, köftebahar & tomatoes (İzmir)
İzmir mutfağı eez-meer muut-fahh-ib Izmir regional cuisine featuring dishes such as dry bread or toast with tarhana & a meat broth called kaynarca, along with toast served with olives, cheese, sucuk & sweet preserves. Milk-based soups are popular in winter; while fruits such as watermelon & honey dew melon are favoured in summer. Vegetables, fish & other sea products remain popular all year round.

jaji (see çökelek peynir) (Bitlis)
jambon. Although you won’t find ham products everywhere (due to religion & tradition), they’re available in upscale city markets. Ham-flavoured poultry is common & you may see this word listed when it is, in fact, a Muslim version of ham made from beef or chicken.
jelatin gelatin
jöle gelatin

kabak (kabağı) squash
kabak courgette, zucchini
kabak çekirdeği pumpkin seeds
kabak dolması stuffed zucchini (courgette)
kabak imambayıldı zucchini in olive oil & served with onions (see imam bayıldı)
kabak karnıyarık zucchini stuffed with mincemeat
kabak kızartması fried zucchini
kabak musakka stewed zucchini moussaka
kabak mücveri fried zucchini patties
kabak pane fried zucchini covered with crumbed bread
kabak tatlısı dessert of pumpkin, sweet syrup & walnuts
kabak tava fried zucchini; small zucchini slices
kabaklı pirinç çorbası zucchini & rice soup
kabuk (kabuğu skin; rind; husk; shell; crust
kabuklular shellfish
kaburga (etleri) spareribs; beef ribs; mutton ribs
Kaç? How many?; How much? kaç (see bir kaç)
kadayıf dessert of dough soaked in syrup & a layer of kaymak as a topping (see burma kadayıf)
kadeh wine/liqueur glass
kadın göbeği doughnut in syrup
kadınbudu köfte köfte of ground meat mixed with cooked rice and fried in batter (Izmir)
kafe/kafeterya cafe’
kağıdı (see alüminyum folyo/kağ idi)
kağıt kebabı lamb chunks & vegetables baked in wax paper (Manisa)
kağıt peçete paper napkin; serviette
kağıtta barbunya baked barbunya
kağıtta pastırma pastırma cooked in foil with vegetables
kahırtlak dough; fried dough used in soup (Adana)
kahırtlak hamuru fried dough used in soup (Adana)
kahvaltı breakfast
kahve az şekerli coffee with a little sugar
kahve coffee (see acı kahve; dibekte dövülmüş kahve)
kahve çok şekerli coffee with a lot of sugar
kahve orta şekerli coffee with medium sugar
kahve sade plain black coffee
kahve şekersiz coffee without sugar
kahvehane coffee house
kahverengi şeker brown sugar
kahvesi (see Amerikan kahvesi)
kakao cocoa
kakule cardamom
kalamar squid/calamari
kalamarla makarna noodles with calamari
kalburabastı baked egg-shaped dessert topped with lemon syrup
kalkan (balığı) turbot (fish)
kalkan tavası fried turbot platter
kanat wing
kandil kabağı ‘holy night’ pumpkin. A sweet made with pumpkin & crushed walnuts prepared for Miraç, one of the five holy nights of Islam.
kandil simidi pastry rings sprinkled with cumin & sesame seeds, made for the spring festival (kandil) of Hıdırellez
kanyak cognac
kap pot/container/dish/ plate
kapalı kıymalı pide pide filled with mincemeat & tomato (Samsun, Bafra & Giresun)
kapama kah-pah-mah basic dish of boiled chicken & rice (Eskişehir)
kapari çiçeği caper (seasoning)
kaplumbağa turtle
kapuska cold dish of onion, tomato paste & cabbage (Edime)
kapuska dish (served cool) of onion, tomato paste, cabbage, olive oil & salt (Edirne). Variations include spicy hot peppers & small chunks of meat.
kara ekmek black bread
kara kovanbal premium honey from bees that build their own honeycomb (cheaper honey comes from man-made honeycomb)
karabiber (siyah biber) black pepper
karabiber değirmeni black pepper mill
karaca eti venison
karaciğer liver
karaçuval helvası sweet potato-shaped pastries served with pekmez (Çorum)
karadut mulberry
karafa carafe; a type of jug for water or rakı
karagöz (balığı) spottail; black bream (fish)
karalahana çorbası soup of dark-coloured cabbage, carrots, zucchini (courgette), çarliston biber, corn flour, wheat flour & potato (Rize)
karalahana dark-coloured Scotch kale; red cabbage
karalahana dible karalahana, Albanian red capsicum, barbunya & rice salad (Giresun)
karalahana sarma wrapped dolma. Stuffing made with a mixture of thinly sliced veal, cooked rice, & cumin wrapped in karalahana. (Rize)
karamel caramel
karanfil clove
karaş pudding dessert of blackberries, grapes & hazelnuts
karışık (et) ızgara mixed grill
karışık dolma mixed dolma made of stuffed grape leaves, red & green peppers & eggplant (aubergine) (Adana)
karışık meyve mixed fruit
karışık pide Turkish ‘pizza’with tomato, green capsicum, mincemeat, pastırma sausage & kaşar
karışık salata mixed salad
karışık sebze mixed vegetables
karides güveç shrimp casserole
karides kokteyl shrimp cocktail
karides salatası shrimp salad
karides shrimp (sea)
karides sprawn
karnabahar cauliflower
karnabahar kızartması fried cauliflower
karnabahar musakka stewed cauliflower musakka
karnabahar salatası cauliflower salad
karnıyarık ‘split belly’ – eggplant (aubergine) stuffed with seasoned ground beef
karpuz watermelon
kasadar/kasiyer cashier
kasap butcher
kase bowl
kaşar peyniri sheep’s cheese similar to mild cheddar. Sometimes called Balkan cheese.
kaşar peynirli omlet omelette with kaşar peyniri
kaşar rendesi rehn-deh-see shredded kaşar peynir
kaşar sheep’s milk
kaşarlı sandviç kaşar peynir cheese sandwich
kaşer kosher
kaşık (kaşığı) spoon
kaşık börek çorbası egg, yoghurt, tomato sauce & mint soup (Bilecik)
kaşkaval peynir variety of cheese
katıklı aş soup ‘salad’ made with bulgur, water, butter & süzme yoghurt (Aksaray)
katkı maddesi içermez free of additives
katmer böreği flaky, savoury pastry
katmerli pazı böreği flat but layered savoury börek made with flour, chard, onion, egg yolk, sesame seeds & salt. Served hot or cold. (Edirne)
katmerli sac böreği börek of pitta bread filled with spinach, cheese & onion (Muğla)
kavrulmuş fındık kahv-ruul-muush fihn-dihk roasted hazelnuts
kavun melon, rockmelon
kavunağacı papaya
kavurma eriştesi pilavı pilaf dish of homemade noodles & rice (Sivas)
kavurma eriştesi pilavı pilau dish of home-made noodles & rice (Sivas)
kaya balığı goby (fish)
kaya tuzu zuu rock salt
kayısı apricot
kayısı komposto stewed apricot compote
kayısı marmeladı apricot marmalade
kayısı reçeli apricot jam
kayısı yahnisi stew with apricots, meat chunks & pekmez (Nevşehir)
kaymak thick., cour clotted cream. Sold in rolls & only eaten with desserts.
kaymaklı dondurma cream-flavoured ice cream; vanilla ice cream
kaymaklı kayısı tatlısı apricots with thick cream
kaynamış boiled
kaynatmak to boil
kaz goose
kazan cauldron, kettle
kazan dibi ‘kettle bottom’, so-called because it’s slightly burned; baked tavuk göğsü
KDV (Katma Değer Vergisi Value Added Tax -dahildir VAT included
kebab (kebap) skewered beef, lamb, or poultry & vegetables, cooked on an open fire; also any of a number of meat or chicken concoctions
kebabçı (kebapçı) kebab seller
keççap tomato sauce (tomato ketchup)
keçi egoat
keçi sütü goat’s milk
keçi ti goat’s meat
kef(i) skimmed fat; sediment
kefal (balığı) grey mullet (fish)
kek cake (see cevizli kek)
kekik thyme
kekikotu oregano
keklik partridge
keler monkfish; skate; angel shark
kelle paça çorbası sheep’s head & foot soup
kelle sheep’s head
kelle şekeri sugar cone
kelle tatlısı sweet pastry
kemik (kemiği) bone
kenger otu cardoon (veg)
kepekli bisküvi bran biscuit
kepekli ekmek wheat bread
kepir dolması dolma made with kepir & mincemeat wrapped in karalahana & topped with yoghurt (Ordu)
kerbel fragrant herb from the parsley family used with fish & salads
kerevit crawfish, crayfish, prawn
kerevit crawfish/prawn
kereviz celery root
kesme çorbası black lentils, köfte & macaroni soup (Erzurum), mincemeat & tomato soup (Kayseri), egg, ayran & salt soup (Erzincan)
kestane chestnut
kestane şekeri chestnut sweet
kestane yemeği dish of chestnuts & mincemeat (Sinop)
kestaneli hindi roast turkey with chestnuts
keşkek coarse ground wheat; also dish of mutton & coarse-ground wheat, especially eaten at weddings (Denizli)
keşkül pudding made from ground almonds, coconut & milk
ketçap tomato sauce (ketchup)
kete Danish-style roll with spinach & nuts (Kars)
kevgir perforated ladle
kıkırdak gristle
kılavuz (a) guide
kılçık (kılçığı) fishbone
kılıç balığı swordfish
kılıç buğulama steamed swordfish with a tart sauce on the side
kılıç şiş swordfish on skewers
kımalı börek pastry with ground meat
kımız fermented mare’s milk
kınalı keklik rock partridge
kırcın plant used to season soups or roasted,fried meat (Samsun)
kırıklı mısır corn kernels
kırkambar (balığı) skate (fish)
kırlangıç (balığı) (kırlangıçbalığı) swallow fish; red gurnard; gurnard (fish)
kırmızı biber (kırmızıbiber) pepper
kırmızı biber salatası capsicum, garlic, lemon & olive oil salad (Adana)
kırmızı lahana red cabbage (veg)
kırmızı red
kırmızı şarap red wine
kırmızı turp (salatası) red radish (salad)
kırmızı turp radish
kırmızıbiber salatası çuşka biber, garlic, lemon & olive oil salad (Adana)
kısır bulgur salad with onion, parsley, olive oil, lemon, cucumbers, tomatoes, garlic, cumin & salt (Adana & Mersin, İçel)
kıtır patlıcan crispy eggplant
kıvamında the right consistency/thickness; the right degree of density
kıvırcık lahana broccoli
kıvırcık salata lettuce with very crinkly leaves
kıyma ground meat, mincemeat
kıymalı kol böreği arm-shaped börek stuffed with seasoned ground meat
kıymalı makarna macaroni with ground meat
kıymalı mercimek lentils with minced meat
kıymalı mıhlama dish of diced onion, mincemeat, tomato paste, margarine & egg (Sivas) (see also mıhlama)
kıymalı pide ground meat ‘pizza’
kıymalı semizotu purslane with minced meat
kızarmış ekmek toasted bread
kızarmış fried, roasted
kızarmış patates fried potato
kızartma fried/roasted
kızartmalar fried foods
kızgın red-hot; very hot
kızılcık cranberry
kızılcık marmeladı cranberry marmalade/ sauce
kızılcık tarhana çorbası soup of tahana mixed with kızılcık, onion & garlic (Kastamonu)
kızılkanat (balığı) roach (fish)
kibe stuffed tripe
kibrit match (a light)
kilo almak to gain weight
kilo kilogram
kilo vermek to lose weight
kimyon cumin
kiraz cherry
kiraz cherry
kiren cornel; Cornelian cherry, kızılcık; also mixture of kızılcık, tomato, beet, yoghurt & milk used to a make a tarhana (Kastamonu)
kişilik serves/portions
kişniş hoşafı raisins, sugar & water drink (Sivas)
kişniş otu coriander (cilantro)
kocakarı gerdanı ‘old woman’s neck’ – spiral pastry (Rize)
koç yumurtası ram’s testicles
kofana large bluefish (lüfer)
kokoreç seasoned grilled lamb or mutton intestines (Tekirdağ)
kokteyl cocktail
kokusu (see ağız kokusu)
kol böreği rolled börek
kola cola-flavoured soft drink
kolay tatlı dessert with apricots & sugar water
kolesterol cholesterol
kolesterol düşük low in cholesterol
kolesterol yüksek high in cholesterol
kolyoz (balığı) horse mackerel (fish)
komposto stewed fruit compote (see also çilekli komposto)
koni cone
konsome consommé
kontrfile medium quality cut of beef
konyak cognac
kornişon gherkin
kotlet cutlet
koyun (eti) mutton
koyun kızartması roast mutton
koyun kuşbaşı haşlama boiled mutton chunks
koyun mutton
koz helvası nougat
köfte bahar (see köfte harcı)
köfte harcı hahr-jih meatball mix (a general-purpose mix found prepackaged at the market).
köfte small mincemeat or bulgur balls
köfte small mincemeat or bulgur balls (and/or various other shapes). There are many variations of this tasty treat, (see abdigör köfte; cızbız köfte)
köfteci köfte seller
köftelik bulgur köftesi fine bulgur (see balık köftesi)
köleş salad with cucumber, melon, tomato, capsicum & yogurt (Eskişehir)
köpek balığı shark
köpüklü şarap sparkling wine
köri (tozu) curry (powder)
körpe young/fresh/tender
kötü bad
közleme biber salatası roasted green pepper salad (Mersin, İçel & Adana)
kraliçe margot Queen Margot (soup)
kredi kart credit card
krem cream
krem karamel dessert of baked caramel custard
krem peynir cream cheese
krem şanti whipped cream
krem şokolade chocolate pudding
kremalı lazanya lasagne in cream sauce
krep crepe
kruasan croissant
kruton crouton
Kudüs enginarı Jerusalem artichoke
kulak çorbası ‘ear soup’-meat dumplings boiled in stock-chickpeas & meat (Antalya)
kulaklı çorba kuu-lahk-lih chohr-bah ‘ear’ soup made with chickpeas & meat chunks (Antalya)
kumkat kumquat
kurabiyesi (see acıbadem kurabiyesi) biscuit (cookie)
kurbağa bacağı frog’s legs
kurbağa frog
kurban kavurması braised lamb (the lamb is from the Kurban Bayram sacrifice)
kuru dry; dried
kuru erik prune
kuru fasulye dry beans
kuru fasulye pilakisi haricot bean pilaki
kuru köfte fried meat patty
kuru mantı small mincemeat dumplings, served with garlicky yoghurt &/or broth (Çorum)
kuru meyve dried fruit
kuru pasta ‘dry pastry’, such as biscuits & cookies
kuru üzüm raisin
kuru yemişçi (kuruyemişçi) dried nuts (seller/shop)
kuruluk dolması dried vegetable dolma (Antep)
kurutulmuş hamur dried pastry croutons
kuskus couscous
kuşbaşı (et) (meat) cut in small chunks
kuşbaşı şiş kebabı skewered lamb or beef chunks
kuşburnu rosehip
kuşkonmaz asparagus
kuşu (see av kuşu)
kuşüzümü currant; bird grape
kuyruk yağ fatty oil rendered from the tail of a sheep, often used in the preparation of kokoreç
kuzu (eti) lamb
kuzu balığı leer fish
kuzu buğulaması poached lamb
kuzu ciğeri lamb’s liver
kuzu çevirme roast lamb
kuzu dolması lamb stuffed with rice
kuzu etli enginar artichokes with lamb
kuzu etli patlıcan sögürme lamb served on mashed aubergine (Antakya)
kuzu kapama lamb stewed with lettuce (Kocaeli)
kuzu kızartması roasted lamb
kuzu lamb, mutton
küçük small -küçük kuu-chuuk very small
küçükhindistancevizi nutmeg
kül tablası ashtray
küme h sucuk with walnut flavouring (Tokat)
kümes hayvanları poultry
künefe sweet shredded pastry with cheese (Hatay, Adana & Mersin, İçel)
küp cube
kürdan toothpick
Kütahya güveci güveç made with meaty lamb bone, tomatoes, tomato paste & green pepper (Kütahya)

labne mild cream cheese
lahana cabbage
lahmacun Turkish ‘pizza’ (also pide)
lahusa şekeri sugar flavoured with spices & dyed red
lahusa şerbeti sherbet to celebrate a birth
lakerda tuna fish salad
lebeniyeli köfte bulgur köfte stuffed with meat (Adana)
levrek sea bass
loğusa tatlısı sweet of sugar, lemon powder & red food dye (see
lahusa şekeri)
lokma yeast fritters with syrup
lokum Turkish delight, sweet pastry
lokum pilavı noodles & mincemeat
lop ‘big, tender & round’ – sometimes used to describe a cut of meat like nuar
löbye cold bean salad (Istanbul)
labne lahb-neh mild cream cheese
lahana lah-hab-nah cabbage
lahana dolması dohl-mah-sih stuffed cabbage
lahana turşusu tuur-shuu-suu pickled cabbage (meze)
lahmacun lah-mah-juun Turkish ‘pizza’
laho lah-hob mezgit fish (Rize)
lahos (balığı) rock grouper (fish) (Adana)
lahusa şekeri slabs of sugar flavoured with spices & dyed red. Boiled to make a drink called lahusa şerbeti, a sweet & spicy sherbet which is offered at birth feasts.
lahusa şerbeti sherbet/sorbet. Prepared to celebrate a birth, (see also lahusa şekeri)
lakerda sliced & salted tuna fish (salad) (Istanbul)
lavaş ekmek thin crispy pitta-like bread
Laz böreği börek of the Laz people (Black Sea Rize). Made of yufka pastry surrounding a mixture of milk, vanilla, sugar & melted butter, & topped with hazelnuts or walnuts.
lazanya lasagne
leblebi roasted chickpeas
lebeniyeli köfte bulgur köfte stuffed with meat in a sauce of meat or chicken broth, egg, rice & salt. An exotic dish including sheep’s tail oil. (Adana)
levrek (balığı) sea bass (fish)
levrek fileto ızgara grilled fillet of bass
levrek fırında baked bass
levrek sultan murat bass prepared in the way that Sultan Murat liked it
lezzet flavour/taste
lezzetsiz tasteless/bland
likör liqueur
limon lemon
limon şerbet lemon sherbet
limon/limonlu dondurma lee-mohn/ lemon ice cream
limonata lemonade
limonlu dana eti lemon veal
lobi bar lounge/saloon bar
löbye cold bean salad (Istanbul)
loğusa/lohusa sweet made with melted sugar,lemon powder & red food dye (see also lahusa şekeri)
lokanta basic restaurant
lokma yeast fritters with syrup
lokum Turkish delight or sweet pastry
lokum pilavı dish of square noodles & seasoned mincemeat garnished with parsley (Muğla)
lop big, tender, round. Sometimes used to describe a cut of meat like nuar.
lor peyniri soft, uncured cheese
lüfer (balığı) bluefish
Lütfen. Please.

Macar gulyas Hungarian goulash
macun paste; gum-like candy
maden suyu mineral water
madımak green vegetable (Tokat, Sivas & Amasya)
madımak yemeğiyeh stew-like dish of madımak, pastırma, bulgur, spring onion & salt (Amasya & Tokat)
mafiş tatlısı savoury pastry dessert (Balıkesir)
mahaleb St Lucie cherry, cordial made from St Lucie cherry
mahallebi/muhallebi (Arabic ‘mahallebiye’) sweet rice flour & milk pudding
mahlep mahaleb; St. Lucie cherry; cordial made from mahaleb
makarna noodles pasta
makarna pasta
makbuz receipt
malzeme(si) material/supplies/ingredients
manav vegetable market
mandalina mandarin, tangerine
mandalina suyu tangerine/mandarin juice
mangal barbecue/brazier
mantar (tıpa) cork
mantar çorbası mushroom soup
mantar mushroom
mantı (see kurumamı)
maraska sour cherry
Maraş dondurma stringy, chewy & delicious ice cream (Maraş, Kahrahmanmaraş)
Maraş dondurması stringy, chewy & delicious ice cream
Maraş tarhanası tarhana used in stuffing or toasted & eaten ‘as is’ in soup (Maraş, Kahrahmanmaraş)
margarin margarine
marmeladı (see ayva marmeladı)
marmelat marmalade
marul göbeği lettuce heart
marul lettuce
marul salatsı lettuce salad
masa örtüsü tablecloth
masa table
maşa tongs
mayalanma fermentation
maydanoz parsley
maydanozlu köfte meatballs with parsley
mayhoş greeably tart; sour
melekotu angelica
melisotu fragrant herb used to flavour salads & fruits
memba su spring water
Memnum oldum. Glad to meet you.
menemen eggs with green capsicum, tomato & cheese mercimek lentil
menu menu
mercan (balığı) Red Sea bream (fish)
mercanköşk fragrant herb similar to thyme
mercimek çorbası strained lentil soup
mercimek lentil
Merhaba. Hello.
merkezi (see alışveriş merkezî)
Mersin (balığı) sturgeon
mertuğa sugarless helva of butter, kaymak & flour (Hakkari)
mesit (balığı) (see mezgit)
meşhur Karadeniz kavurması plain baked ‘pizza’ topped with fried meat
meşrubat(lar) soft drink(s)
mevsim salatası seasonal salad
mevsim season
mevsimli in season
meyan liquorice
meyva suyu fruit juice
meyvali tart fruit tart
meyvali turta strudel
meyve fruit
meyve salatası fruit salad
meyveli dondurma fruit ice cream
meyveli kek cake with fruit
meze Turkish hors d’oeuvres
meze(ler) similar to hors d’oeuvre, served with rakı
mezgit buğulama steamed mesgîd fish with green peppers & tomatoes (Trabzon)
mezgit/mesgîd/mesit (balığı) whiting or haddock (fish)
mıhlama dish made with eggs; also dish (originally Syrian) made with pastırma, onions & eggs; savoury dish made with grated cheeses mixed with cornmeal & butter (Rize & Trabzon)
mıhlama egg dish, pastırma,onions & egg dish, cheese & corn dish
mırra ‘old fashioned’ bitter coffee with cardamom (eastern)
mısır cipsi corn chips
mısır corn
mısır çorbası soup of corn kernels, barbunya and meat chunks (Sinop)
mısır ekmeği corn bread
mısır gevreği corn flakes
mısır pastası corn cake
mısır unu corn flour
mısırunlu baklava cornmeal baklava (Rize)
midye çorbası mussel, egg & olive oil soup (Balıkesir)
midye dolması stuffed mussels
midye mussel
midye pilavı pilaf dish of rice, mussels, seedless grapes, nuts, olive oil, cumin & allspice (Balıkesir)
midye tava fried mussels
mikrodalga microwave oven
mikser food mixer/processor
milföy mille-feuille (see also yufka)
mini small
misafir guest
misket elması muscatel apple
misket limonu lime
misket muscatel grape/fruit
misket şarabı muscatel wine
misket üzümü muscatel grape
miskotu musk. Fragrant herb used with goose, duck & eel. Also used in stews & Vermouth.
morina (balığı) codfish
mozzarella (dil peynir benzer mozzarella cheese (see dil peynir)
mönü menu
muammara meze or salad made with crushed walnuts, crumbled stale bread, tahin, olive oil & lemon juice (Adana)
muayenesi (see alkol muayenesi)
muhallebi/mahallebi sweet pudding made with rice flour & milk
muhallebici pudding shop
mum candle
musakka vegetable & ground meat pie
muska böreği triangular-shaped börek filled with potato, cheese, mincemeat & onion, often covered in sesame seed (Uşak)
musluk tap (faucet)
muşmula medlar (fruit)
mutfağı (see Ağrı mutfağı)
mutfak (mutfağı) kitchen/cuisine
muz banana
mürdüm eriği damson plum
müskat/muskat (see hintcevizi)
müşteri customer

nalburiye hardware & cooking utensils store
nane mint
naneli köfte köfte dish; of mincemeat, mint, onion, tomato paste & stale bread (Izmir)
nar pomegranate
nektarin nectarine
nem (nemli) nehm moist/ wet
neskafe sade black instant coffee (with caffeine)
nevzine shallow savoury börek cut in squares, of flour, margarine, eggs, tahin, vegetable oil, yoghurt, crushed walnuts; often served with lemon sherbet (Kayseri)
Niğde tavası lamb with tomato, peppers, garlic & tomato paste served with rice (Niğde)
nitelik quality/attribute
niyasin niacin
nohud/nohut chickpea; garbanzo bean
nohud/nohut döğmesi chickpea & parsley salad (Tokat)
nohud/nohut yahnisi chickpea stew (Nevşehir)
nohut chickpea
nohutlu kuskus pilavı couscous with boiled chickpeas & butter (Istanbul)
nokul meat pie with a mixture of seasoned mincemeat, parsley & walnuts (Sinop)
nuar a big, tender, round cut of veal, boiled & sliced thinly for sandwiches & cold-cuts
numara number

o he,she,it,that,those
ocak oven; range; cooking fire
oklava roiling pin
oksit giderici anti-oxidant
omlet omelette (see beyaz peynirli omlet)
ordövr hors d’oeuvre O
Ordu mutfağı Ordu regional cuisine featuring a vareity of fish products. Anchovies are the staple diet for three to four months of the year. Corn meal & vegetable dishes are also important,
orfoz (balığı) grouper (fish) (Adana)
orfoz fileto filet of grouper garnished with rocket & spread with an olive oil & garlic sauce
orkinos tuna
orman kebabı roast lamb & onions
orta boy middle,medium size
orta derece medium heat (150°C to 180°C)
orta medium
orta pişmiş biftek medium-rare steak
orta pişmiş medium, rare
oruç fasting (during the month of Ramazan)
ovmak to knead

oğlak (eti) ohh-lahk (eh-tee) kid (goat)
ödeme payment
ödemek to pay
öğle yemeği lunch
öğmeç çorbası soup made with flour, eggs, tomato paste, lemon & parsley (Burdur)
öğün meal – only used when referring to time (see also yemek)
öğütülmüş ground
öküz ox
öküzgözü (üzümü) Lox eye’ red grape (Elazığ & Malatya)
ölçü (ler) measurements
ölü gömme can aşı funeral meal (eastern Turkey)
ölü gömme yüğbaşan mourning meal
ölü gömme-yemek funeral,internment
ördek duck
ördek duck
örgülü makarna dish with crisscrossing wide noodle-strips with sliced chicken breast, peas, carrots & almonds
örnek example
örtmek to cover
Özbek pilav Uzbek lamb pilaf (Afyon)
Özsu juice,sap

paça çorbası sheep trotter soup
pahali expensive
palamut balığı pilakisi bonito
pancar beet (vegetable)
pancar cacığı beet, bulgur, yoghurt & garlic cacik (Yozgat)
pancar suyu beet juice
pancar turşusu pickled beet (meze)
pane breaded; fried in bread crumbs
papaz yahnisi ‘priest’s stew’; made of beef, onion, garlic, vinegar & cumin (İzmir)
para money
parmesan peyniri pahr-meh-sahn pehy-nihr parmesan cheese
pasta sweet pastry
pastane(si) pastry shop
pastırma pressed beef preserved in spices, Turkish pastrami
pastırmalı kurufasulye pastırma & haricot beans casserole
pastırmalı omlet omelette with pastırma
pastırmalı sigara böreği fry of yufka, pastırma, tomato & capsicum (Kayseri)
paşa pilavı ‘Sultan’s pilau’ – salad of potato, eggs & capsicum patates potato
patates kaygana fried potato pancake, mixture of potato, parsley & red capsicum (Kastamonu)
patates kızartması fried potatoes (meze)
patates köftesi köfte made from potato, egg & black pepper (Sakarya)
patates musakka stewed potatoes with mincemeat
patates potato
patates püresi mashed potatoes
patates salatasiç potato salad
patlamış, mısır pop corn
patlıcan aubergine, eggplant
patlıcan biber tava fried eggplant & capsicum with tomato paste
patlıcan böreği sliced eggplant prepared with mincemeat & onion (Afyon)
patlıcan eggplant (aubergine)
patlıcan islim kebabı baked lamb wrapped in eggplant
patlıcan karnıyarık eggplant stuffed with minced meat
patlıcan kebabı keh-bah-bih eggplant kebab
patlıcan kızartması fried eggplant
patlıcan musakka eggplant musakka
patlıcan oturtması eggplant ‘oturtma’
patlıcan pane fried eggplant covered with crumbled bread
patlıcan reçeli sweet eggplant preserves (Adana)
patlıcan salatası eggplant salad
patlıcanlı köfte meatballs with eggplant
patlıcanlı köy dolması mincemeat & bulgur served on eggplant slices (Karaman)
patlıcanlı pilav eggplant pilau
pavruya hermit crab
payvon night club
pazar open air market; bazaar
pazarliçk etmek to bargain
pazı cacığı chard mixed with cacik
pazı chard; garden orache
pazı kavurma fried eggs & chard, with onions & barbunya beans, served piping hot (Rize)
pazı kavurması chard & onion served cold (Kastamonu)
pazı pilakisi pilaki with chard, rice & salted anchovy (Trabzon)
peçete napkin
Pekiyi! Very good!; OK!; That’s good!
pekmez grape molasses , a thick syrup commonly made from boiled grape juice; it resembles black treacle
pelte a sweet made from cornstarch, sugar, & fruit juice
pelvaze a sweet made from pekmez & nasta (Uşak)
pelvize sweet made from rose water & nasta (Aydın)
pembeleşmek to brown food
perdeli pilav pilaf covered with crispy pastry
perhiz dieting
pestil general name for ‘thin sheet of sun-dried fruit pulp’
peynir cheese
peynir helvası helva dessert, of cheese, flour, eggs, butter & granulated sugar; also served cold (Tekirdağ); there are other varieties of helva in other regions
peynir tatlısı cheesecake, cookies
peynirli börek pastry filled with peynir
peynirli pide plain cheese Turkish pizza, in the distinctive flattened canoe shape
Pınar a national brand of quality frozen food products
pırasa çorbası leek soup
pırasa dolması leeks stuffed with onion, mincemeat, rice, egg, lemon, tomato paste, vegetable oil & parsley (Kastamonu)
pırasa leek
pırasa musakka stewed leeks with ground beef
pıtpıt bulgur flour (Malarya)
picarel (balığı) a fish (see izmarit)
pide ekmek unleavened bread available during the month of Ramazan
pide very thin pitta-like bread often used to make Turkish-style pizza or döner kebab
pideci Turkish-style pizza place
pilaki cold stew with vegetables & beans, black-eyed peas, rice or fish
pilaki tava fried bonito
pilav pilau of rice, bulgur or lentils
pilav(lar) pilaf dish(es); could be rice, bulgur, or lentil pilaf
pilavlı hindi roast turkey with rice
pilavlı tas kebabı a ‘kebab’; of lamb chunks cooked in butter, salt, & red pepper (Çorum region) — compare with tas kebapliç pilav
pilı kızartma roast chicken
piliç chicken
pimpimel a type of anise; a fragrant herb
pirinç çorbası rice soup
pirinç rice; also brass
pirinçli mantı meatless mantı dish (Kastamonu)
pirinçli with rice
pirpirim çorbası chickpea, bean & lentil soup
pirpirim purslane (Malatya region), (see also semizotu)
piruhi,pirohu boiled dish of meat, flour, & yoghurt
pirzola (dana) grilled veal chop
pirzola (kuzu) grilled lamb chop
pirzola grilled meat; usually a veal,lamb chop or chicken-leg meat formed into a ‘chop’
pisibalığı plaice (fish)
pişirme biçimleri ways of cooking; suggestions for cooking
pişirme süresi cooking time
pişirmek to cook
pişkin (cooked) well-done; (see iyi pişmiş)
pişmaniye dessert made of sugar, flour & soapwort (Kocaeli)
pişme süresi (see pişirme süresi)
pişmiş cooked
piyaz white bean salad
pizza salonu Turkish pizza parlour
poğaça a variety of buns
porsiyon portion, helping, serving (the size,number,amount)
portakal marmeladı mahr-mah-lah-dih orange-marmalade
portakal orange (either the fruit or the flavour)
portakal reçeli orange-jam
portakal suyu orange juice
poşet plastic bag; plastic (oven safe)
pudra şekeri powdered sugar
puf böreği puffed börek
pul biber / pul kırmızıbiber red pepper chilli flakes
pürçüklü purple carrot
püre mashed potatoes; various vegetable purees

radika salatası radika salad (Izmir)
radika,radike herb similar to chicory
rafadan soft-boiled (egg)
rakı Turkish national alcoholic drink made with anise. Transparent when in its natural state but turns white when mixed with water.
ravent rhubarb
reçel(i) fruit preserve; jam
reçeli (see ayva reçeli)
reçeller jams,preserves, marmalades
rehber(i) (a) guide
rejim diet,regimen
rendelenmiş kaşar grated kaşar cheese
rendelenmiş soğan grated onion
restoran restaurant
revani sweet cake with semolina, vanilla & clotted cream
reyhan sweet basil (see also fesleğen)
rezene fragrant herb similar to anise
ringa (balığı) herring
roka rocket; watercress
rom rohm rum roasted meat
rozbif roast beef
roze şarabı rose wine
rulo dish that is ‘rolled’, such as a rolled börek
rumi (üzümü) Anatolian white grape (Gaziantep)
Rus salatası runs sah-lah-tah-sih Russian salad

saçaklı mantı variation on traditional mantı, in which chicken is spread over seasoned pastry & sprinkled with black pepper
sade pilav plain rice,pilaf
sade plain
sadeyağ plain butter
safran saffron
sağ right
sağlık good health
Sağol. Thanks.
sahan shallow cooking pan; meat stew cooked with salça
sahanda pirzola lamb cutlets with tomato sauce cooked in a sahan
sahlep hot milk & tapioca
sahlep root beverage (see also saleb,salep)
sahur meal taken by daytime Tasters’ just before daylight during the month of Ramazan
sakatat offal,tripe
sakız gummy substance ground with sugar — used in puddings
sakız leblebisi roasted white chickpea
sakızlı bakla çorbası soup made with bakla, onion, flour, egg, yoghurt, margarine & salt (Bolu – originally from the Aegean island of Chios)
salam salami
salamlı sandviç salam sandwich
salamura brine; also food that’s been pickled (in brine)
salata salad
salata sos salad dressing
salatalık cucumber
salatalık turşusu cucumber pickle (meze)
salatası (see Amerikan —; beyin —;börülce —; çiroz -; çoban —; deniz ürünleri -; domates salatalık —; mevsim —)
salça(sı) tomato or pepper puree; tomato paste
salçalı köfte meat patties in seasoned tomato sauce
saleb,salep hot milk & tapioca-root beverage (see also sahlep)
salon saloon
salonu (see aile salonu)
samsa tatlısı sweet pastry soaked in syrup, similar to baklava (İsparta)
Samsun köfte meat loaf (Samsun)
samut salatası simple salad made with thinly sliced dill, parsley, lemon, olive oil, salt & red pepper
sandviç sandwich (see also beyaz peynirli sandviç)
sap kerevizi celery
saray palace
saray usulü pastırmalı yumurta palace-style eggs with pastırma
sardalya (balığı) sardine (see also asma yaprağında sardalya)
sarımsak, sarmısak garlic
sarımsaklı börülce salatası black-eyed pea salad (Balıkesir)
sarımsaklı köfte meatless köfte doused with a oil & tomato sauce (Adana)
sarımsaklı tavuk dolması stuffed chicken with garlic
sarımsaklı,sarımsaklı with garlic
sarma(sı) wrapping,surrounding
sarmısak börülce salatası black-eyed pea salad
sarmısak garlic
sarmısak köfte meatless köfte with tomato sauce (Adana)
sarmısak tavuk dolması stuffed chicken with garlic
sazan (balığı) carp (fish)
sebze yemekleri vegetable dishes
sebzeler vegetables
sebzeli bulgur pilavı pilaf dish of bulgur & mixed vegetables (Ankara)
sebzeli kapama lamb & vegetable stew
sebzeli kuzu kızartma roasted lamb with vegetables
sebzeli piliç dolması stuffed baked whole chicken with potatoes, peas, beans, okra, butter, oil, tomato & çarliston biber (Istanbul)
sebzeli tavuk çorbası vegetable & chicken soup (Kocaeli)
semizotu purslane
semt pazarı market
serin cool
sert hard,firm,tough (of meat)
servis service
servis ücreti service charge
servis yapmak to serve
seyahat çeki travellers cheque
sıcak hot
sıcak içeçek(ler) warm or hot drink(s)
sıcak su hot water
sıfır zero
sığır beef,oxen,buffalo – on the hoof
sığır dili ox tongue
sığır eti beef
sığır filetosu sirloin
Sıhhatinize! A toast to your health!
sıkıcık çorbası soup of tiny bulgur, tarhana & meat broth, served with a big dollop of garlic yoghurt (Kütahya)
sıkma börek filled with onion, beyaz peynir & parsley (Adana)
sıkma small rolled börek, filled with onion, white cheese, & parsley (Adana)
sıvı liquid,fluid
sıvıyağ(lar) vegetable oil(s)
sızma zeytinyağ extra-virgin oüve oil
sigara böreği thin cigar-shaped pastries filled with Turkish white cheese
simit crispy ring-shaped roll with sesame seed
sinarit (balığı) dentex, a sea bream (Adana)
sinarit ızgara grilled sea bream topped with an onion, olive oil, vinegar, dill, salt & lemon juice sauce
sini köfte köfte of fine bulgur, mincemeat, vegetable oil, salt & pepper (Adana)
sirke tatlısı vinegar dessert; fried sweet-sour dough balls
sirke vinegar
sivri biber long, thin, green chili pepper
siyah biber black pepper
siyah bîra dark beer
siyah black; dark
siyah ekmek black bread
siyah havyar black caviar
siyah zeytin black olives
soba heating stove; stove
soda soda water
sodyum sodium
sofra low round dining table
soğan aşı onion dish with meaty bones, spring onion, potatoes, tomatoes & mint (Tekirdağ)
soğan kebabı meat chunks with arpacıksoğan, butter, tomato paste & lemon juice (Niğde)
soğan onion
soğanlama mincemeat with onion & tomato paste (Aksaray)
soğanlı et meat & onion stew
soğanlı tavuk chicken with onions
soğanlı yumurta eggs with onions
soğuk cold
soğuk çorba cold soup made with flour, yoghurt, rice, salt, black & red pepper & mint (Kayseri)
soğuk içeçek(ler) cold drink(s)
soğuk su cold water
sokarıç pepper, thyme, mint & onion sauce (Sivas)
som balığı salmon
somon çüme salmon fumet
somon, som balığı salmon
somun ekmek bread roll
somun loaf (of bread)
son kullanma tarihi expiry date
sos sauce,gravy
sosis sausage,hotdog
sosisli karnıyarık böreği börek stuffed with sosis & prepared with karnıyarık split, in börek pastry
sosisli sandviç hotdog sandwich
sote saute
soya peyniri tofu
soyulmuş kabuk peel (such as orange peel)
söğülme roast; roast meat
söğüş boiled meat served cold; coldcuts; also sliced & uncooked vegetables served with no dressing
su (suyu) water
su böreği flaky pastry sometimes filled with mincemeat (Edirne)
su kabağı a kind of squash; water squash
su mahallebisi milk pudding with rose water
su teresi (suteresi) watercress
su teresi watercress
su water
sucuk spicy sausage
sucuklu sandviç sucuk sandwich
sulu hamur batter
sulu mantı mincemeat mantı served in broth
sumak sumac, a dark red herb with an agreeably tart & sour taste. Often sprinkled on salads & olive oil dishes,
susam sesame (seeds)
susam yağı sesame oil
susamlı köfte meatless köfte with bulgur & tomato
susamlı köfte meatless köfte made with bulgur, sesame seed, onion, tomato paste, parsley & tomatoes (Mersin, İçel)
susamlı şeker sugar-coated peanuts & almonds; hazelnuts & walnuts covered in sesame seeds (Adana)
suyu (see ananas suyu; domates suyu)
sülün pheasant
sürahi jug
sürülmüş (something that is) spread with (something)
süt aşure milk aşure
süt danası veal
süt kuzu milk-fed lamb
süt milk
süt ve süt ürünleri milk (products)
sütlaç rice pudding; also the name of the rice milk ingredient
sütlü kabak sliced courgette (zucchini) in milk (Yozgat)
sütlü made with milk
sütlü nuriye baklava with milk
sütlü patates potato slices with milk, egg & salt (Sakarya)
sütlü sarımsak çorbası garlic soup with milk
sütlü soğan çorbası onion soup with milk
sütü (see aslan sütü)
süzgeç strainer,colander
süzme yoğurt yoghurt from which much water has been extracted. Good substitute for sour cream when mixed with labne.

şalak unripened melon (Sivas)
şalgam pilavı pilaf dish of turnip, mincemeat & bulgur (Sivas)
şalgam suyu turnip juice (good with Turkish pide). A favourite non-alcoholic Turkish drink, also used as an ingredient in making dolma stuffing.
şalgam swede, turnip
şamfıstığı pistachio
şampanya champagne
şanı fıstığı Damascus nut; pistachio nut,tree
şarap (şarabı) wine (see also beyaz şarap)
şarküteri delicatessen
şatobriyan chateaubriand
şef chef
şeftali komposto stewed peach compote
şeftali marmeladı peach marmalade
şeftali peach
şeftali suyu peach juice
şehriye noodles used in soups
şeker böreği sweet biscuit, taken with lemon sherbet (Niğde)
şeker sugar
şeker sugar, candy, lollies, sweets
şekeri (see badem şekeri)
şekerleme sweet shops
şekerpare sweet biscuit topped with lemon & sugar syrup
şekersiz without sugar
şerbet sherbet,sorbet
Şerefe! Cheers!
şeri şarabı sherry
şeriden Mardin region pastırma
şiş skewer
şiş kebab skewered meat prepared on an open fire
şiş kebab skewered meat, poultry prepared on an open fire
şiş köfte grilled meatballs
şişe açacağı bottle opener
şişe bottle
şişe su bottled water
şişte kılıç balığı ızgara grilled swordfish
şnitzel,şinitzel wiener schnitzel
şor soft, fresh cheese (Kars)
şöbiyet a butter & sugar cousin of sherbet
şölen çorbası feast soup su (see acı su)
şurup (şurubu) syrup

tabak (tabağı) plate
tabaka sheet (of something)
tabla ashtray
tahıl ekmek whole-grain bread
tahil(lar) grain(s)
tahin sesame seed puree
tahinli lahana sarması cabbage with rice, chickpeas, tahini & tomato (Adana)
tahinli maydanoz salad of parsley, garlic & tahini (Hatay)
tahinli patlıcan mashed eggplant & tahini salad (Hatay)
tahinli soğan onion, mayonnaise, lemon & tahini salad (Hatay)
tahta kaşık (kaşığı) wooden spoon
tahta wooden slab table
talaş böreği meat pastry
talaş kebabı meat pieces cooked then baked in pastry
tandır kebabı kebab roasted in an oven in a clay-lined pit
tandır oven in a clay-lined pit; also brazier
tane grain,kernel; also single unit of something
tantuni kebab a ‘kebab’ dish of sliced veal & mutton served on lavaş ekmek. Often accompanied by the distinctive şalgam suyu vegetable juice drink. (Mersin, İçel)
tarak cutlet; pilgrim scallop
tarama fish-roe; red caviar
tarama salatası fish-roe or red caviar spread (meze)
tarator (sos) garlic & nut sauce, commonly paired with seafood. May be made with almonds (Aegean), walnuts (Central Anatolia) or hazelnuts (Black Sea),
tarçın cinnamon
tarhana çorbası tarhana, yogurt, black-eyed pea & meat soup (Muğla)
tarhana dried foodstuff made chiefly of curds & flour
tarhun tarragon
tarım agriculture
tarif(ler) recipe(s)
tart t (dessert) tart
tartar börek meat filled börek
tas bowl
tas kebabı veal & vegetable stew served on rice (Kütahya). Sometimes called gulaş (goulash),
tas kebaplı pilav lamb & vegetable stew (Samsun)
tat (tadı) taste,flavour
tatlı (see acı tatlı)
tatlı biber sweet capsicum
tatlı dürümü dessert of milk, yufka, walnuts & pekmez (Niğde) tatlıpatates sweet potato
tatlı kaşığı tablespoon
tatlı mısır sweet corn
tatlı(sı) sweet,dessert (see ayva tatlısı)
tavada fried
tavşan hare-rabbit
tavuk chicken
tavuk çorbası chicken soup
tavuk dolması stuffed chicken
tavuk göğsü chicken breast; chicken breast pudding
tavuk kızartması roast chicken
tavuk suyu chicken broth,gravy
tavuklu sandviç chicken sandwich
tavuklu zarf böreği börek shaped like a triangular pocket & stuffed with seasoned chicken
taze (tap) (very) fresh
taze balık fresh fish
taze bezelye snow pea
taze etli bezelye diced meat & peas
taze fasulye green,French beans
taze fresh
taze yeşil biber fresh green pepper
tekir (balığı) striped red mullet
Tekirdağ köftesi mincemeat with rice & capsicum
tekke çorbası soup made with flour, mincemeat, tomato paste, pepper sauce, grated onion & mint (Kütahya)
tel şehriye thin delicate noodle, similar to vermicelli
tel şehriyeli tavuk çorbası chicken vermicelli soup
telkadayıf dessert of baked vermicelli-style kadayıf dough, soaked in a thick syrup & layered or topped with crushed walnuts & kaymak
tencere saucepan (see düdüklü tencere)
teneke tinplate; tin; a tin
tepeleme heaping
tepsi böreği yufka börek, made in a tepsi
tepsi tray; large, shallow baking tin
terazi scale; weighing device
terbiye sauce, usually made from egg & lemon
terbiye liasyon egg, flour & lemon sauce
terbiye sauce of lemon & egg
terbiyeli ekşili köfte meatballs with egg & lemon sauce
terbiyeli işkembe çorbası tripe soup with terbiye
terbiyeli kalkan balığı turbot with sauce
terbiyeli kuzu etli kereviz celeriac with lamb in lemon sauce
terbiyeli süt kuzusu kapaması spring lamb with lettuce
tere çorbası watercress & chicken broth soup (İzmir & Aydın)
tere watercress
tereyağ butter
termos thermos
testi earthenware water jug
testi kebab kebab in which small pieces of lamb or chicken are cooked in a mushroom & onion sauce. It’s prepared in a sealed clay pot. (Anatolia)
tıntış çorbası corn meal soup (Zonguldak)
tırpana (balığı) grayskate (fish)
tirbuşon corkscrew
tiyamin thiamin
toksin toxin
ton balığı tuna,tunny
tonik tonic water
topak ball or lump of dough
topik chickpeas, pistachios, flour & currants topped with sesame sauce
toplam total
toplar(i) balls (of dough, for example)
torba sack
torik (balığı) large bonito (fish)
tost makinesi toaster
tost toast
toyga çorbası soup of yogurt, hazelnut, rice, egg & mint (Konya)
toz granulated,ground
toz karabiber ground black pepper (see also beyaz toz biber)
toz şeker granulated sugar
toz tarçın powdered tarçın
Trabzon hurması persimmon
Trabzon peynirlisi baked pizza made with Trabzon’ cheese. Served with baked egg. (Trabzon & Rize)
trança (balığı) sea bream
tulum (peyniri) a variety of sharp & stinky cheese
tulumba tadısı fluted fried fritters served in sweet syrup
turfa new,rare,strange thing; not kosher
turfa olmayan kosher
turfanda out of season (of fruit or vegetables)
turfandacı seller of out-of-season fruits & vegetables
turna balığı pike
turp radish
turşu kavurma pickled green beans & onions (Rize)
turşu pickled vegetable
turunç Seville orange
tutam a few sprigs of; a small amount of, a pinch of
tuz salt
tuzlu domates ve fasulye kavurması tomato & green beans tuzlu domuz eti salted pork
tuzluk-biberlik salt & pepper shakers
tüccar merchant
tüfeği (see av tüfeği)
tüfek rifle,gun
tüketici consumer
türk kahvesi Turkish coffee
Türk lirası Turkish lira
Türk lokantası Turkish restaurant
Türk mutfağı Turkish cuisine
Türk Turkish person or thing
Türkçe the Turkish language
Türkiye Turkey (the country)
türlü stew

ucuz inexpensive,cheap
ufak para small change
ufak small
ufalamak to crumble; break into small pieces
ufo makarna macaroni; small, curled
un çorbası ‘flour soup’ -flour, meat, tomato & capsicum (Muğla)
un flour
un helvası ‘flour’ helva
un kurabiyesi ‘flour’ cookie, Turkish shortbread
unlanmış bir zemin a flat place that has been floured
unlanmış floured
Urfa kebab grilled lamb on skewers
Urfa kebabı grilled iamb on skewers
uskumru (balığı) mackerel
uskumru ızgara grilled mackerel
uskumru salatası mackerel salad
uskumru tava fried mackerel
usulü in the style,manner of; also methodical, systematic
uyar(i) warning
uzun long, tall

üzüm grapes
üzümlü kek cake or pie with dried grapes
üç three
üç peynirli makarna ‘three-cheese’ macaroni
üretim tarihi production date
üvez a variety of pekmez ‘preserves’ made in preparation for winter (Samsun)

vanilya dondurma vanilla ice cream
vanilya vanilla
vartabit paçası dish of seasoned white beans (in sesame oil, garlic, lemon juice, red pepper, salt) served over Turkish bread (Tarsus)
vartabit paçası seasoned white beans on Turkish bread
vazo wah-zoh vase
vejeteryan çorbası ‘flour soup’ of flour, onion, fried meat bits, olive oil, tomato paste, salt, pepper, & red pepper flakes (Muğla)
vejeteryan helvası ‘flour’ helva
vejeteryan kurabiyesi ‘flour’ cookie, Turkish shortbread
vejeteryan vegetarian
vergi tax, see also KDV
veznedar cashier
viski whisky
vişne reçeli morello-cherry jam
vişne sour cherry, morello
vişneli ekmek tatlısı cherry bread pudding

yaban havucu parsnip
yabani pirinç wild rice
yabani yeşil yapraklı sebzeler wild greens
yag (see balık yağ; bitkisel yağ)
yag(lar) cooking oil(s); rat(s); grease; lard; butter; margarine
yağı (see ayçiçeği yağı)
yağlı kağıt (kağıdı) grease-proof paper; waxed paper
yağlı kıyma fat ground beef which is ready-packaged
yağsız fat free; without oil; non-fat; low-fat; lean (meat); greaseless
yağsız kıyma lean ground beef
yahni (see balık yahni)
yahni(si) meat & vegetable stew
yanı sıra together with; along with; beside(s)
yapay (renk) artificial (colour)
yaprağı (see yaprak)
yaprağı dolması stuffed grape leaves
yaprağı sarma stuffed grape leaves
yaprak (yapraklar,yaprağı) leaf; layer (leaves) (see also defne yaprağı; asma yaprağı)
yârân dinner party between friends
yardım etmek to help
yari(si) (the) half; half of the; half the
yarım (a) half; half of a; half a; also, 12.30 pm
yarım ekmek half a loaf of bread
yarım kilo half a kilogram (500g)
yarım pişecek şekilde half-cooked
yarma name given to coarsely ground wheat or barley
yaş moist; also fresh (fruit)
yaş pasta moist pastry’, such as syrup-soaked cakes & pastries
yasak(tir) prohibited, forbidden
yassı kadayıf baked kadayıf pancakes topped with kaymak yavan çorbası ‘flavourless soup’ with wheat, chickpeas, lentils, beans, meat & capsicum (Malatya)
yavan çorbası ‘flavourless soup’, even though it’s made of two kinds of wheat, chickpeas, lentils, dry beans, fried meat chunks, butter, pepper sauce, red pepper flakes, onion & salt! (Malatya)
yayla çorbası ‘highland’ yogurt soup with mint
yaz türlüsü sew summer vegetable stew
yemek (yemeği) food,meal
yemek kaşığı see çorba kaşığı
yemek listesi menu
yemek odası dining room
yemek to eat a meal
yemekler foods
yemekli vagon train dining car
yemiş dried fruits & nuts
yengeç crab
yeni new,again
yeni rakı new or recently produced rakı
yenibahar allspice
yer elması Jerusalem artichoke
yerfıstığı peanut yerli yehr local
yermantan truffle
yeşil biber green pepper
yeşil green, biber green capsicum
yeşil mercimekli bulgur pilavı mehr-jee-mehk-lee buul-guur pee-law-vih pilaf of green lentils, bulgur, margarine & salt (Tokat)
yeşil mercimekli erişteli çorba green lentil & noodle soup (Urfa)
yeşil salata green salad
yeşil soğan chives, spring onion
yeşil zeytin green olive
yeşillikler mixed greens
yeter enough,sufficient
yıkamak to clean,wash
yılanbalığı eel
yıldız şehriye star-shaped macaroni (stellini)
yıldönümü anniversary
yiyecek (yiyeceği) food
yiyecek parçalayıcı food processor
yoğurt çorbası yogurt soup
yoğurt tatlısı yoghurt syrup cake
yoğurt yogurt
yoğurtlu fıstıklı köfte köfte dish of bulgur, flour, cumin, yoghurt, garlic, tomato, dry & fresh mint & red pepper flakes (Adana)
yoğurtlu patlıcan salatası eggplant salad with yoghurt
yoğurtlu patlıcan salatası eggplant salad with yogurt
yoğurtlu pazı chard in garlicky yogurt sauce (Kastamonu)
yöre mutfağı regional kitchen; regional food style
yöresel local
yörük kebabı ‘nomad’s kebab’-lamb, mushroom,capsicum,artichoke, tomato, beans & macaroni
yüksük çorbası chickpea & mincemeat soup (Mersin, İçel)
yüksük çorbası soup of chickpeas & mincemeat
yüksük makarna macaroni shaped like short, fat sections of a cylinder (see also boncuk makarna)
yüksükotu foxglove; thimble flower
yürek heart
yüz yuuuz face; one hundred
yufka dough used in sweets
yulaf akı,beyazı egg white
yulaf arısı egg yolk
yulaf ezmesi çorbası oat porridge
yulaf oats
yumurta egg
yumurtalı ıspanak kavurması eggs with spinach
yumurtalı mezgit mezgit fish & eggs (Trabzon)
yumurtalı sandviç egg sandwich
yumurtalılar egg dishes
yumurtası (see balık yumurtası)
yumuşak soft,tender
yuvarlak round
yuvarlama soup made with chick peas & small mince dumplings (Antep)

zamkı (see akasya zamkı)
zargana (balığı) sea-pike (fish)
zayıflamak to get thin; to lose weight
zeldeii wild apricots
zemin a low level; flat place
zencefil ginger
zencefil ginger
zerdali wild apricot
zerde dessert of rice, almonds, pistachios & pomegranate zeytin olive
zerde sweet, gelatinous dessert made with rice, almonds, pistachio & pomegranate that has been coloured & flavoured with saffron. Especially eaten at weddings,
zerdeçal turmeric
zerzevatçı greengrocer
zeytin olive
zeytin piyazı avrat salatası salad made with pitted green olives, parsley, onion, coarse ground walnuts, red pepper, sour pomegranate & olive oil (Antep)
zeytin piyazı salad of green olives, walnuts, capsicum & pomegranate
zeytinyağı olive oil
zeytinyağlı ayşe kadın fasulye green beans in olive oil
zeytinyağlı bakla (ezmesi) broad beans in olive oil
zeytinyağlı barbunya fasulyesi borlotti beans in olive oil
zeytinyağlı biber dolması bell peppers stuffed with rice
zeytinyağlı dolma içi seasoned rice that’s used for stuffing vegetables
zeytinyağlı domates dolması stuffed tomato with rice zeytinyağlı pilaki pilaki of black-eyed peas, spring onion, carrot & potato (Aydın)
zeytinyağlı ekşili kabak zucchini (courgette) in olive oil & lemon juice
zeytinyağlı ekşili patlıcan eggplant (aubergine) in olive oil & lemon juice
zeytinyağlı ekşili pırasa leeks in olive oil & lemon juice
zeytinyağlı enginar artichokes in olive oil
zeytinyağlı fasulye pilakisi white beans in olive oil
zeytinyağlı general name for dishes cooked in olive oil
zeytinyağlı iç baklalı enginar artichokes & broad beans in olive oil
zeytinyağlı kabak zucchini (courgette) in olive oil
zeytinyağlı kereviz celeriac in olive oil
zeytinyağlı kış türlüsü mixed winter vegetables in olive oil
zeytinyağlı lahana dolması stuffed cabbage-leaves in olive oil
zeytinyağlı patlıcan dolması eggplant (aubergine) with rice stuffing in olive oil
zeytinyağlı patlıcan İmambayıldı stuffed eggplant in olive oil & onions
zeytinyağlı patlıcanlı pilav pilaf with eggplant (aubergine) İn olive oil
zeytinyağlı pırasa böreği leek pie in olive oil
zeytinyağlı pırasa leeks in olive oil with carrot, rice, sugar, salt & lemon
zeytinyağlı pırasazay leeks in olive oil with carrot, rice, sugar, salt & lemon
zeytinyağlı pilaki pilaki of black-eyed peas, olive oil, spring onion, carrot, potato, parsley & salt (Aydın)
zeytinyağlı taze bakla whole broad beans in olive oil
zeytinyağlı taze fasulye fresh green beans in olive oil
zeytinyağlı yaprak dolması stuffed vine leaves with rice in olive oil
zeytinyağlı yaz türlüsü mixed summer vegetables in olive oil
zeytinyağlı yeşil fasulye string beans in olive oil
zeytinyağlılar cold vegetables in olive oil
zırz salad with fresh onion, spinach, süzme yoğurt, olive oil & boiled eggs
zile pekmezi pekmez whipped with egg white (Tokat)
ziraat agriculture
zirz salad made with fresh onion, spinach, süzme yoghurt, olive oil, çerkez tuzu, & boiled eggs (Bilecik)
ziyafet lavish meal; banquet; feast
ziyafet vermek to give someone a lavish meal; to hold a banquet İn someone’s honour